trip to Korea
Beautiful moments of Buddhism during the Three Kingdoms Period
2024. 1. 22.

hello everyone! Today, we will take a look at the beautiful moments of Buddhism during the Three Kingdoms period. During the Three Kingdoms period, there were various and beautiful moments in the process of Buddhism being introduced and spread in Korea.

Buddhism in Goguryeo

Buddhism was first introduced to the Korean Peninsula in the early Three Kingdoms period, during the reign of King Sosurim of Goguryeo. In 372, the spark of Buddhism was sparked by Monk Sundo, sent by Bugyeon from China. While reorganizing the national system, King Sosurim accepted Buddhism and issued instructions to the people to believe in Buddhism and seek good fortune. Goguryeo's first temples, Chomunsa Temple and Ibulansa Temple, adopted Buddhist teachings.

During the reign of King Gwanggaeto, nine temples were built in Pyongyang, and in the 5th century, murals of tombs depict Buddha statues and people bowing. Goguryeo monks went to China to study, learned Samunhak, and brought Buddhism to Japan. As a result, Buddhism spread beyond Goguryeo to other regions.

Buddhism in Baekje

Baekje accepted Buddhism through Chinese ambassador Marananta in 384. During the reign of King Asin, a teaching was issued telling people to believe in Buddhism and seek good fortune, and Baekje also brought its people together through Buddhism. Previous kings of Baekje believed in Buddhism, and the belief in Maitreya was prevalent, developing Buddhist culture beautifully by building Mireuksa Temple and constructing a pagoda.

Buddhism in Silla

Buddhism was introduced to Silla later than Goguryeo or Baekje. Buddhism was officially recognized during the reign of King Beopheung, and made great progress during the reign of King Jinheung. Various temples, including Hwangnyongsa Temple, and nine-story wooden pagodas were built to create a center of Buddhism, and the nation's capabilities were enhanced by nurturing young talent through the Hwarang System.

Silla held various events to unite the people and promote ethical awareness through Buddhism. In particular, high priests such as Jajang Yulsa supported the queen's rule and contributed greatly to the development of Silla Buddhism. Master Wonhyo and Master Uisang studied abroad in China, spreading Buddhism and developing the ideas of Hwaeom and Confucianism.

Buddhist influence

Buddhism, which was introduced during the Three Kingdoms period, laid the foundation for national unification and had a great influence on cultural development. Buddhist teachings played a major role in forming people's harmony and ethical awareness, and the translation of various temples and scriptures promoted the development of writing and paper printing.

Buddhism in Korea, which continues to this day, has developed through a combination of various moments, starting from the Three Kingdoms period and continuing through unification and cultural development. We look forward to continuing to celebrate this beautiful history of Buddhism and live a richer life through its teachings. Let’s discover the beauty of Buddhism together and enjoy a happy study abroad life!

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